The Constitution of Man is concerned with seven components. The
first component is the Elements which are for in number-fire which is
hot & dry, air which is hot & wet, water which is cold & wet, and earth
which is cold & dry. The second component is the Temperaments which are nine in number.
The first is an evenly balanced temperament. The second is an unevenly balanced temperament, which may be unmixed, being then hot, cold,
damp, or dry. Or it may be an unevenly balanced but mixed temperament,
being hot & dry or hot & wet or cold & dry or cold & wet.
The most evenly balanced of all animal temperaments is the tempera-
ment of Man. The most evenly balanced of all the temperaments of
Mankind is the temperament of a Believer. The most evenly balanced of
the temperaments of Believers are the temperaments of the Prophets. The most evenly balanced of the temperaments of all the prophets are the
temperaments of the Messengers of God. And the most evenly balanced
temperaments of all the messengers of God is the temperament of those
endowed with a resolution to obey God. And the most evenly balanced
of those so endowed is the temperament of Our Lord Mahomed (upon whom may fall the blessing of God and peace). I maintain that the reason why Mahomed was the most evenly balanced
in character from the point of view of temperament according to the rules
of Medicine is because the nature of his character was subservient to the
temperament of his body and the more perfectly balanced is the tempera-
ment of the body, the better is the nature of the character. And He
the all-Knowing, glorious and Almighty is He, has born witness that
the Prophet was of an excellent character.
Said ‘Ayesha: The character of the Prophet is the Quran. Hence it
needs must be that his temperament be the most balanced of tempera-
ments. And if his temperament were the most balanced of temperaments, then his character must have been the best of characters.
Said al-Bukhari in his book called Al-Sahih or The Genuine: The Pro-
phet was the best of men in appearance and the best of men in character.
Said Anas: I served the Prophet for ten years. He never once upbraided me. He never asked me why I had done anything that I had done nor
asked me why I had left undone anything that I had left undone