islamic story imam ahmed raza khan alahazrat part 2 Whatever you see, I achieved within the four walls of my room.
This is indeed through the Grace of Sayyiduna Rasoolulah r” (Al Mizaan pg. 342) The above are merely a few branches of knowledge in which A’la Hazrat t reached such great heights of proficiency wherein he was considered to be the discoverer of that branch of knowledge! An example of this is to found in his book, ‘Ar Raudal Baheej fi Adaabut 26 Takhreej’, dealing with the Principles of Chronomatic Recording of Ahadith. Commenting on this, the famous Historian, Maulana Rahmaan Ali, (M.P. Madya Pradesh) states, “If there are no books to
be the very inventor of this branch of knowledge”. (Tazkirah Ulama-eHind, pg. 17) 27 CHAPTER 3 ACADEMIC SERVICES Proficiency in over fifty Branches of Knowledge; Translation and Commentary of the Holy Qur’an; Authority in the Field of Hadith;
A Great Jurist of his Time; A Few of his Fatawa; Imam Ahmed Raza’s Ilm-e-Jafar; His Knowledge of Philosophy and Science; Knowledge of Astronomy and Astrology; A Mathematical Genius; Contribution to the Field of Poetry.
28 PROFICIENCY IN OVER FIFTY BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE If we study the life of A’la Hazrat t, we will discover that his proficiency in various subjects total over fifty four branches of knowledge. Is it possible today, to find an Islamic scholar or even a non-Muslim professor, scientist, educationist or a Nobel Prize owner who possesses such qualifications? Arab Scholars such as Sheikh Ismail bin Khalil and Sheikh Musa Ali Shami (radi Allahu anhuma) commended A’la Hazrat t as the Revivalist of the 14th Century A.H.: “If he is called The Revivalist of this Century, It will be right and true.
” Commenting on A’la Hazrat’s t reputation and his knowledge, Dr Jamil Jalibi, Vice Chancellor, Karachi University (Pakistan) said: “Maulana Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi was an eminent Jurist, leading scholar, scientist, Naa’tia poet, a keen observer of Shariah and a Saint.
His crowning scholarship can be imagined by the fact that he had commanding knowledge of about 54 branches of various sciences and humanities. He has contributed valuable works in almost all of them. He left behind more than a thousand treatises.
” Professor Dr Wahid Ashraf, Baroda University, in Baroda says: “There is no shortage of renowned personalities in the history of Islam who made rich contributions to various fields of knowledge through their divine-gifted qualities of learning,
wisdom and insight. Ibn Sina, Umar Khayyam, Imam Razi, Imam Ghazzali, Al Beruni, Farabi and Ibn Rushd are a few rich names that shall always be remembered with pride. Among them, someone is renowned for Philosophy and Medicine, some other famous for Mathematics, another in Astrology, yet another is known for Moral Philosophy.
Someone is an expert in Greek Thoughts, etc., but the most outstanding personality was born in India and passed away in the present century. He was Ahmed Raza Bareilvi who enjoyed such a command in various branches of knowledge that only experts of the special faculty can discuss fully and successfully.” 29 TRANSLATION AND COMMENTARY OF THE HOLY QURA’N Many people have translated the Holy Qura’n into the Urdu language, but the translation of the Holy Qura’n presented by A’la Hazrat t called “Kanzul Imaan” is proven to be the most unique translation in the Urdu language. In his translation one sees that A’la Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan t used only those words in his translation which are truly worthy of the Attributes and Qualities of Almighty Allah U and of His Beloved Rasool r.
It is said that the translation of the Holy Qura’n by A’la Hazrat t is not merely a literal translation, but is also the commentary of the Holy Qura’n. In the words of Hazrat Sayyiduna Muhadith-e-Azam Hind t, “It is not only the translation of the Qura’n,
it is the Qura’n.” We have taken just one example of a Verse from the Holy Qura’n that has been translated by numerous persons and compared it with the beautiful translation of A’la Hazrat t. We have taken Sura 93, Verse 7 as an example: ووجدك ضالا فَهدى (1) “And he found you lost on the way and he guided thee.Hazrat Kadija Raziyzllahu tala anha in urdu
” Translation by Mohammad Asad
(2) “And found thee groping so he showed the way.” Translation by Muhammad Ali Lahori Qadianiimam ahmad raza khan barelvi alahazrat story in hindi
(3) “And He found you uninformed of Islamic laws so he told you the way of Islamic laws.” Translation by Ashraf Ali Thanwi
(4) “Did he not find thee erring and guide thee.” Translation by Arberry 30
(5) “And saw you unaware of the way so showed you the straight way.” Translation by Fatheh Muhammad Jalledhri
(6) “And he found thee wandering and He gave thee guidance.” Translation by Yusuf Ali Now that we have examined six different translations of Sura 93, Verse 7, let us examine the difference and the uniqueness of the translation of A’la Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan t.
He translates the verse: ووجدك ضالا فَهدى “AND HE FOUND YOU SELF ENGROSSED IN HIS LOVE THEREFORE GAVE WAY UNTO HIM” One should pay special attention to the uniqueness and the cautiousness evident in this translation of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan t! He abstained from using such words that may cause any disrespect to the dignity and personality of the Holy Prophet r. This too, was a sign of his true and sincere love for Rasoolullah r.
Due to the enormous amount of time A’la Hazrat t spent in compiling books on Fiqh and numerous other topics, it was not possible for him to compile a complete commentary of the Holy Qura’n. However, a few learned scholars have stated that if all the books of A’la Hazrat t have to be brought together then there is a great possibility that a complete commentary of the Holy Qura’n may be compiled.
Like his translation of the Holy Qura’n, they have said that his Tafseer will also be exceptional. The original commentary to A’la Hazrat’s translation of the Holy Qur’an was written by his Khalifa, Sadrul Afaadil Allama Na’eemud’deen Muradabadi t which also holds a unique position in its field. 31 Commenting only on the “Bismillahir Rahman nir Rahim”, A’la Hazrat t presented such a lengthy discourse on this phrase that it was compiled into a complete book and published under the title, “Al Meeladun Nabwiya.” Once, during the Urs Shareef of Hazrat Maulana Shah Abdul Qaadir Sahib t, A’la Hazrat t delivered a discourse on Sura Wad’duha from 9 a.m. right up to 3p.m. This discourse on Sura Wad’duha alone lasted for 6 hours.Alahazrat naat Best naat collection
After completing his lecture A’la Hazrat t said, “I only wrote 80 percent of the commentary on this Sura and had to leave it aside. Where is there time enough to write the Tafseer of the entire Qura’n-e-Azeem!” Allama Ata Muhammad Bindayalwi t; Sarghoda (Pakistan) said: “Hazrat Bareilvi t has written about a thousand treatises.
He exhaustively dealt with every topic he touched, but his most glorious work is his Urdu translation and explanation of the Holy Qura’n entitled, Kanzul Imaan. Indeed, there is no parallel. Real worth of this monumental work can be evaluated by only those scholars who possess vast and deep knowledge of different other translations and explanations of high standard in Urdu.
A’la Hazrat kept the same pattern as adopted by the renowned writers, but he excelled in the explanation and expansion of the most difficult and complicated subject matter in relatively few simple words”. AUTHORITY IN THE FIELD OF AHADITH Imam Ahmed Raza Khan t was also a great authority of his time when it came to the subjects of Hadith and Usool-e-Hadith. He knew the names of almost every Hadith narrator.
When he was questioned concerning details of a certain narrator, he was able to give a complete biography of the narrator. When he studied any Hadith he was able to explain the type of Hadith, its benefits and the reasons behind that Hadith. He wrote many booklets on the topic of Hadith. 32 One of his books is entitled, “Hajizul Jarain An Jamma Bainas Salaatain”, which covered the Ahadith pertaining to “Jamma Bainas Salaatain” or the “Combination of Two Salaahs in one time”
. Dr Professor Mohiy’yud’deen, Azhar University, Cairo (Egypt) says: “Renowned scholar, Ahmed Raza Khan, visited Arabia twice to perform Hajj at Makkah and paid homage to the Holy Prophet r in Madina. During his stay he visited numerous centres of learning and had extensive exchange of views with the scholars covering various branches of learning and religious issues. He secured permission from some authentics to quote them in reference to particular Ahadith, and in return, he allowed them to mention his authority in respect of some other Ahadith.”Alahazrat imam ahmed raza
“It is an old saying that scholarly talent and poetic exuberance rarely combine in one person, but Ahmad Raza Khan was an exception. His achievements contradict this diction. He was not only an acknowledged research scholar, but also a great poet.” A GREAT JURIST OF HIS TIME Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) is that branch of knowledge which is derived from the Holy Qura’n and the Hadith of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah r. Only that person can be regarded as an accomplished Jurist, who is well-versed in both the Holy Qura’n and the Hadith of Rasoolullah r.ahmed raza khan alahazrat part 1
He must also be well-versed in all the other important branches of knowledge, such as Tafseer, Logic, Philosophy, Translating, and many other branches. A’la Hazrat Imam Ahl-e-Sunnat t was regarded as the greatest Jurist of his era. He was totally proficient in the field of Fiqh and received acceptance by the great Ulama of the East and the West. The greatest proof of his position and status in the world of Fiqh can be understood from his answers concerning the Shariat-e-Mustapha r, which was compiled to form 12 bulky volumes, comprising of approximately 12 000 pages to form the famous book, “Fatawa Radawiyyah,”
which is 33 used in every Darul Ifta (Fatawah Departments) around the world today. The Fatawa Radawiyyah has been currently categorised and referenced and now makes up 30 volumes comprising almost 30 000 pages. A renowned theologian and a great Saint of Delhi, Hazrat Maulana Zayd Abul Hassan Faruqi t, who completed his education at the Al Azhar University, Cairo, acknowledged the unrivalled mastery of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan t over Islamic Jurisprudence and other branches of learning in the following words:
“None can deny the knowledge of Maulana Ahmed Raza Khan in the field of Fiqh. He was, no doubt, the greatest Faqih (Jurist) of his time.” When Sheikh Ismail Khalil, the Curator of the Library at Makkatul Mukarramah, read the Fatawa of A’la Hazrat Imam Ahl-e-Sunnat t he was ecstatic and wrote to A’la Hazrat t saying: “By Allah, if Abu Hanifa Nu’man t would have gone through these Fatawa, undoubtedly, it could have been his heart’s delight and he would have included its writer among his student”. A FEW FATAWA OF A’LA HAZRAT t Question: 3rd Rabi ul Aakhir Shareef 1320 Hijri What do the learned Ulama and the Learned Muftis say concerning whether it is permissible to say “Ya Rasoolallah” sallal laahu alaihi wasallam and Ya Wali Allah?
Is it permissible or not to seek assistance from the Prophets and saints and to say “Ya Ali Mushkil Kusha” in times of need? Please answer this query with your signature and seal, so that I may be confident and clear in explaining this to the people. Also please translate in Urdu the verses of the Quran and Hadith etc.
where ever they appear in your answer. The Answer: It is permissible as long as you accept them as the servants of Allah and wasila in the Court of Allah and to fully accept that they have been blessed with this excellence through the permission and Will of Allah. One must have complete faith in the fact that without Allah’s Will, even one atom can not move. And without doubt, this is the belief of every 34 Muslim. To think contrary to this concerning the Muslims is to falsely accuse them, which itself is haraam. Without Allah’s giving, none can give even one grain, one can not hear a single alphabet, and one can not even blink once
. Now, undoubtedly, to call to them truly and sincerely believing this, is totally permissible. It is evident from the Hadith of Jaame Tirmizi etc. that the Holy Prophet r himself taught the following dua to a blind man. He said that after Namaaz he should read:
“Ya Rasoolullah r, I turn my attention towards my Creator through the wasila of Huzoor r in seeking what I wish for, so that this need of mine is fulfilled.” In some narrations it has been narrated as follows: “So that the Prophet r may fulfill this need of mine.” The blind person read this dua and was immediately able to see. It is in the Hadith of Tibraani etc. that in the time of Hazrat Uthman-e-Ghani t, a companion by the name of Hazrat Uthman bin Haneef t gave this dua to a Sahabi or Taabi’ee to recite. After Namaaz, he said, “Ya Rasoolallah r, I turn my attention towards Almighty Allah whilst making the Prophet r my wasila.
” Even his need was fulfilled. Thus, the Ulama-e-Kiraam said this to be effective in having ones needs fulfilled. It is also as follows in the Hadith: “When you wish to call out and ask help, then you say this, ‘Assist me O servants of Allah.’” It is in Fatawa Khairiyah as follows: “Ya Sheikh Abdal Qaadir Jilani Shai an Lil’lah is a call. What reason is there for it to be prohibited?
” This humble servant (Aala Hazrat) has written a booklet on this topic by the name of “Anwaarul Intiba Fi Haali Nida Ya Rasoolallah” r. Peruse this booklet and you will find it very clear that in every era and every time, the Ulama and the pious have always called for help from the beloveds of Allah in times of difficulty. According to the Wahabis, from the Sahaba’s time onwards, all the pious servants of Allah would be branded as Mushriks (Allah Forbid).
“Wa laa Howla wa Laa Quw’wata il’la bil’laahil Aliyil واالله تعالٰی اعلم “Azeem 35 Question: 14 Rabi ul Aakhir 1320 Hijri What do the learned scholars decree regarding the rights of the children towards their deceased parents? The Answer: The first rights of the children towards their deceased parents, is that once they have passed away, to make all arrangements for the janazah, such as ghusl, kaffan, Janazah Namaaz and burial.
In doing so, one should make sure that all the sunnats and mustahabs are also fulfilled, so that the deceased may receive full blessings. One should continue making dua for them and also making istighfaar for them and not to be negligent of that. To continue to send the sawaab of sadqa and khairaat to their souls.
Try not to allow any shortcoming in doing so and only do what is within your means. When reading Namaaz for you, also read Namaaz for them (send reward of Namaaz to them). When keeping fast for yourself also keep fast for them (send reward). Actually when doing any good deeds, send the reward to them and to the souls of all the deceased Muslims.
Every one of them will receive their sawaab and there will be no shortage in sawaab for anyone. One will receive great success and prosperity in doing this. If they owed anyone any money, then try your best to swiftly pay off this debt. One must note that by paying of their debts with your wealth is a means of blessing for you in this world and in the hereafter. If you are not able to fulfil or pay off the debt, then take assistance from close family members and other kind relatives, so that it may be paid off. Try to fulfill all other debts. If they have not made Hajj, then make Hajj on their behalf or send someone to make Hajj-e-Badal. If they owed any zakaat etc. then try and pay this. If they have any fast (roza) or Namaaz that was not completed, then give kaffarah as compensation and this is based on assumption. Take responsibility to fulfil all their shortcomings to the best of your ability and strive in doing so, so that they may gain salvation. Try to the best of your ability to make sure that any permissible wasiyat (bequest) made by them is carried out, even though it may not be necessary 36 upon you in the light of the Shariat and even if it is difficult upon you, for example if the deceased makes a bequest that half his property be given to a certain relative, even though according to shariat he was only allowed to make a bequest for one third of his property, his children should put his bequest before themselves and try to adhere to what he asked and have it fulfilled. Even after their demise, to be loyal to a Qasam (oath) he had taken. In other words, if he took an oath saying that his son will not go to a certain place or meet with a certain person, then one should not think that now that he has passed away, there is no need to have any consideration for the oath he had taken. It is not so. One must continue like it was in his life time, unless there is something in Shariah that does not allow you to do so. This does not however only refer to their oaths or vows, but it refers to doing every permissible thing after their demise like they wished during their lifetime.
Go for ziyaarat of their graves every Friday. To recite Quran in a tone, that they are able to hear you and to send the reward of the recitation to their souls. Whenever you pass by their grave, never bypass it without making salaam to them or making Fateha. Love their relatives for your entire lifetime. Be kind towards their friends and to always respect them.
Do not ever swear the parents of others, causing the other person to reply by swearing your parents The thing that you need to note most is that do not remain sinful and cause them grief and sadness in their graves due to your wrongdoings. Your parents are aware of all what you are doing. When they see you doing good deeds, they become pleased and their faces begin to beam with brightness and happiness. When they see you doing wrong, then they become sad and their hearts become burdened. It is not for us to even cause them grief after they have gone to their graves. We pray that Almighty Allah, the Merciful,
The Compassionate, blesses all Muslims with the ability to do good deeds. We pray that Allah protects us from sinning. We pray that Allah always fills the graves of our Akaabirs 37 (elders) with Noor and blesses them with comfort for Allah is all Powerful and we are weak and helpless. Allah is Ghani and we are dependant. حسبنا االله و نعم الوکيل نعم المولٰی و نعم النصير۔ولاحول و لا قوة الا باالله العلی العظيم۔ و صلی االله تعالٰی علی الشفيع الرفيع الغفور الکريم الروف الرحيم سيدنا محمد و اله و صحبه اجمعين۔امين الحمد الله رب العالمين This faqeer (Aala Hazrat radi Allahu anhu) would now like to present a few Ahadith from which I have derived that which I mentioned.
First Hadith: An Ansari sahaba t came to the Prophet Sall Allaho Alaihi Wa Sallam and asked if there was anything he could do to benefit his parents after they had passed away and the Prophet Sall Allaho Alaihi Wa Sallam said, “Yes. There are four things; to make their Namaaz (Janazah), to make Dua for their forgiveness, to fulfill the bequests and to respect their friends and relatives from their side by keeping the relationship established. These are those good actions that are to be done for them after they pass away. Second Hadith: The Prophet r said,
“The children should make Dua-eMaghfirat for them after they have passed away. رواہ ابن النجار عن ابی اسيد الساعدی رضی االله تعالٰی عنه مع القصة و رواہ البيهقی فی سننه رضی االله تعالٰی عنه قال قال رسول االله صلی االله تعالٰی عليه وسلم لا يبقی للولد من بر الوالدالا اربع، الصلٰوة عليه والدعاء له و انفاذ عهدہ من بعدہ و صلة رحمه واکرام صيقه Third Hadith: The Prophet Sall Allaho Alaihi Wa Sallam said, “When a person stops making dua for his mother and father, his sustenance is رواہ الطبرانی فی التاريخ و الديلمی عن انس بن مالک رضی االله تعالٰی عنه “.stopped Fourth & Fifth Hadith: The Prophet Sall Allaho Alaihi Wa Sallam said, “If anyone of you gives some Nafil Khairaat, then he should do so on behalf of your parents, so that they may attain its reward and there shall be no shortage in reward. رواہ الطبرانی فی اوسطه و ابن عساکر عن عبداالله بن عمرورضی االله تعالٰی عنهما۔ و نحوہ الديملی فی مسند الفردوس عن ماوية بن حيدة القشيری رضی االله تعالٰی عنهما Sixth Hadith: A Sahabi t came to the Prophet r and said, “O Prophet of Allah r, When my father was alive I treated him very well. Now that he has passed away what can I do to treat him well?” The Prophet r said, “To treat 38 him well after his passing away, you must read Namaaz for him with your Namaaz and keep fast for him with your fast. “ In other words when you read Nafil Namaaz etc for your self and keep fast for your self, then you should award the reward of it to your parents.
Make intention for them to receive reward as well and their will be no shortage in your sawaab. مرو كما لفظ الوجهين بل هذا الصق بالميتة محيط It is also stated in Tataar Khaniyan and then in Durr-e-Mukhtar: الافضل لمن يتصدق نفلاَ ان ينوى لجميع المؤمنين والمؤمنات لاا تصل اليهم ولا ينقص من اجره شئى Seventh Hadith: It is in Awsat from Tibrani and from Darqutni in sunan on the authority of Ibn Abbas t as follows: “One who makes Hajj on behalf of his parents and pays off their debts, then Allah will rise him amongst the pious on the day of Qiyaamah. رواہ الطبرانی فی الاوسط والدار قطنی فی السنن عن ابن عباس رضی االله تعالٰی عنه Eight Hadith: Hazrat Umar-e-Farouk t owed eighty thousand. At the time of his demise, he called his son Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar t and said, “From my belongings, first sell my things. If it is sufficient (to pay off my debt), then it is fine. If not, request (assistance) from my people, the Bani Adi