Imam e Azam Abu Hanifa History and biography
The true photo regarding the complaint levelled against IMAM E AA’ZAM (RADIYALLAHU ANHU)
Imam Abu Hanifah become very diligent in this subject matter. Whenever he use to do Qiyyas he used to continually do it inside the light of Qur’an or Sunnah. Now allow us to examine what Hafidhh Dhahabi, and Hafidhh Ibn Kathir wrote approximately Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh. They say:
Imam e Azam Abu Hanifa Rahmatullah alayh became born in 80A.H, living in the time while there have been still some Sahaba dwelling. He noticed the famous partner, Anas Bin Malik Radi allaho unho and six different companions too. He learnt Ahadith from a group of Tabi’een, and spent an awful lot of his time in worship.
Abdullah Ibn Mubarrak said: ‘He was the Greatest of all folks who changed into properly-versed in Islamic legal guidelines’. Imam Shaf’i stated: ‘All folks who look at Fiqh, are youngsters of Imam Abu Hanifah’ (Islamic regulation). Imam Yahya Bin Mau’een said: ‘there aren’t any accusations on Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh, and he’s easy from all lies’. Whoever wants to study Fiqh, he is established upon Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh. The human beings need to pray for Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh after their prayers. He was the one of the best scholars on the planet. When he used to recite the Qur’an at night time, he used to cry so much that his neighbours used to pity him. The place were he died, Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh read the Qur’an seventy thousand times. He died on 15 Rajab, one hundred fifty A.H. At his funeral, there had been such a lot of people that the Salaah of Janazah had to be read six instances. May Allah supply him peace and Blessings.
[Tazkarra Al Hufaz, Tarikh Ibn Kathir, By Hafidhh Dhabi and Hafidhh Ibn Kathir, “biography of Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh]
Hafidhh Ibn Taymiyyah says:
There is no doubt concerning Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh’s understanding, human beings later attributed many lies to Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh, which have been all unfaithful. The intention of such writings changed into to taint Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh.
[Minhaaj Al Sunnah Al Nabaweea, Vol./1, page. 259, By Hafidhh Ibn Taymiyyah]
Hafidhh Ibn Al Qayyim says:
Imam e Azam Abu Hanifa might no longer do Qiyyas, even if he determined a vulnerable Ahadith. There are styles of Qiyyyas:
1) Which is against the Qur’an and the Sunnah, this is not permissible:
2) One that is in the light of Qur’an/Sunnah, that is permissible, our Prophet [May Allah bless Him and grant Him peace] also gave permisiion to Ma’az Bin Jabal to do Qiyyas.
[Aalmul Muaqqeen chap Qiyaas]
Why is it then these days, after such splendid students like Hafidhh Dhahabi and Hafidhh Ibn Kathir who have corrected such inaccurate lies towards Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh, that people nonetheless propagate such vile accusations?
A overview of Islamic records famous that after Allah Almighty bestows any high-quality pupil with His benefits, you may ensure that they would not have respite from distortions, slander and lies which are leveled towards them. Imam Abu Hanifah was one of these notable pupils of Islam against which such attempts had been made. It is obvious, from the history books that Imam Abu Hanifah, (like the three Orthodox Sunni Mujtahid Imams; Imam Malik, Imam Shafi’ee, and Imam Ahmed) had many enemies.
Why did they’ve enemies, one can also ask? Many of folks that argued towards and attacked them, had been from misled Sects, such as the Khawarij. There were additionally the ones from amongst the courtroom of the Khalif who for one reason or another, had opened their hearts to jealousy, but as such, had the support of the court docket and their stances had been frequently enough not puzzled
With such ferocity, and with the aid of the number of accusations leveled against Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullah) it’s miles unlucky to mention that a number of these accusations did have an effect on a few easy minded Muslims. It ought to be stated that they can’t be totally at fault, for the reason that in spite of the case of Aisah (Radiallaho anha.) we remember that even some of the Companions had been satisfied of those fake accusations. However, this incident become no small remember. It ended in Allah Ta’ala sending Revelation as a warning to the ones partners who believed the accusation. Allah Ta’ala wondered them that upon hearing the accusations, why did they now not reject such slander?
To a few quantity, we also can say that further to the faulty accusations that had been leveled towards Aisha that have been proven to be baseless. Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullah) additionally faced such accusations, which have been referred to by way of diverse pious people of later generations in their books.
We ought to as a result analyze from the incident concerning Aisha (May Allah bless her and supply her peace]) that we must not accept accusations from the enemies of Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullah) which includes the Kawarij and the Mutazilah. Whenever human beings utter words of malice and indulge themselves in accusations against Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullah) they by no means mention that most of the people of them are found to stem from two unique misled Sects – specifically the Khawarij and the Mu’tazilah. Rather, humans turn out to be bringing up specific humans. They are Imam Bukhariand Khatib al Baghdadi.
1) Imam Bukhari has said:
Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullah alayh) changed into a Murji’i.
[Al Tareekh Al Kabir under the life history of Nauman Bin Thabit]
Imam Bukhari also writes:
The time while Sufian Thuri (awesome pupil of Islam) heard information about the loss of life of Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh he stated ‘Praise be to Allah that this type of guy had died as he became regularly destroying Islam. There could not be a worse person born in Islam’.
[Tareek Sagheer biography of Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh]
Imam Bukhari additionally writes that :
On two activities Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh became ordered to repent from making blasphemous statements.
[Khitab Al Daufa Walmat Rukin by Imam Bukhari, Al Intiqa By Imam Abdul ‘barr]
Imam Bukhari informs us that he had taken those statements from his tutor Na’eem bin Hamad. [Tareekh Al Saghir by Imam Bukhari]
Imam Bukhari become so impressed by way of his teach, that he never cited or used Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh as a reference for his e-book “As Sahih Al Bukhari” Although on every occasion he did point out Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh he stated him as Kufi
(Nicknamed from his hometown – Kufa).
Before we continue any further, it is vital to refer to one specific accusation in opposition to Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullah) which turned into that he belonged to a deviant sect called the Murji’i. To solution this, we first need to peer what character Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullah) possessed. Importantly, who gave Imam Bukhari statistics regarding Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullah) and In Sha Allah, we are able to show that he became no longer a Murjie and pinpoint from wherein this fake accusation came from.
I even have mentioned that Naeem Bin Hammad conveyed this data to Imam Bukhari, but before proceeding any further, allow us to pay attention to what Hafidhh Dhahabi, Hafidhh Asqalani and Kateeb al Baghdadi have written in connection to Naeem bin Hammad.
We learn that Naeem Bin Hammad became a well-known Scholar from a reion referred to as Marau. He had sight in a single eye most effective. During the later a part of his existence he went to live in Egypt. At first, he belonged to a sect known as Jahmiyya, and turned into an lively member. He then later left this sect and wrote a e book, which was the first e-book to use the science of Musnad. These have been a compilation of narrations with the aid of the Sahaba, which had been positioned in an alphabetical order, consistent with whom he had narrated the Hadith. During this unique period, the Umma used to question whether the Holy Qur’an become Makhluq (created). When this query turned into put forward to Naeem Bin Hammad he did no longer provide an explanation. He was then despatched to prison alongside facet Yaqub Faqia. He died in 228 Hijra. It changed into cited that no Janza [funeral prayer] was prayed over him and he became buried without a Kaffan [shroud].
[Tazkara tul Hufaz, Khateeb Baghdadi and Tahzeeb al Tahzeeb, by Hafidhh Dhahabi, Hafidhh Asqalani and Khateeb , biography of Naeem Bin Hammad]
This is a short assessment of his existence and now we will take a look at as to what reputation he held as a scholar. We shall do that by means of searching at what Hafidhh Dahabi and Hafidhh Asqalani have written, due to the fact they compiled collectively all of the works by means of preceding scholars who had written regarding Naeem Bin Hammad. What follows, are their money owed:
Imam Abu Dawud stated that:
Naeem Bin Hammad, had attributed 20 Hadith to the Prophet [May Allah bless Him and grant Him peace] which he in reality had never stated, accordingly being fabricated sayings.
Here are two examples of such fabrications:
1) Abu Huraira reported that:
The Prophet of Islam [May Allah bless Him and grant Him peace] had said: “A time could come, whilst in case you adhered to 10 percentage of Allah’s instructions you will succeed, and in case you leave this ten percent you’ll die. (spiritually, not bodily).
The Prophet [May Allah bless Him and grant Him peace] had never uttered such phrases, that is a Munkar narration.
2) Abu Huraira narrated that :
The Prophet [May Allah bless Him and grant Him peace] had stated: “A time will come while my Ummah may be split into extra than 70 sects. The worst may be folks that bask in Qiyyas (analogical deduction) in subjects of uncertainty.”
Abu Zur’a stated: “I asked Imam Yayha bin Mu’een, wherein did Naeen bin Hammad get this Hadith? He replied that it has no origins and that this isn’t a Hadith however has been invented. Whatever Naeem Bin Hammad had stated approximately Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh have been all lies and had no substance. Abu Zur’a said that whenever Naeem Bin Hammad would narrate a Hadith of the Prophet [May Allah bless Him and grant Him peace], he would add in his own words inside the Hadith. Whenever he could narrate a fabricated Hadith he would attribute it to the “incredible Imam of Hadith.”
Daar Qutni stated that whenever Naeem used to say a fabricated Hadith, he might achieve this to aid the Sunnah. He had a whole lot of Munkar narrations, which other Imams did now not have.
[Mizan Al Etedaal, and Tahzeeb Al Tahzeeb, by Hafidhh Dahabi and Hafidhh Asqalani, biography of Naeem Bim Hamaad]
Imam Bukhari took his narrations from Naeem Bin Hammad for his ebook, Sahih al-Bukhari and Tareekh. Since Naeem Bin Hammad received grievance from among the Muhaditheen likewise, Imam Bukhari additionally obtained complaint for his e-book of Hadith from the scholars of Hadith.
This evaluation regarding the man or woman of Naeem Bin Hammad will allow us to remember that he was not a dependable Hadith professional inside the eyes of the Scholars of Hadith. Now we shall complicated upon the statements made with the aid of Imam Bukhari approximately Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullah) by means of noting what the students of Hadith had to mention concerning him.
From this we will reveal that Imam Bukhari’s Tarikh is in no manner unfastened from blunders, nor did it stay uncriticised from hadith scholars. As a result, it might be unfair to “blindly” take delivery of the entirety that has been written in it as the absolute Truth.
By now, it have to had been made obvious that the individual that gave Imam Bukhari (ie Naeem Bin Hammad) statistics regarding Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh turned into unreliable. The Muhaditheen inform us that he used to make up fabricated Hadith of the Prophet [May Allah bless Him and grant Him peace], and he also made fake memories about Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh. As we’re advised no longer to trust in his narrations, further, we have to now not take delivery of those statements concerning Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh on the grounds that they’re all lies, in step with Hafidhh Dhahabi and Hafidhh Asqalni.
Anyone who has read the the history of Islamic scholarship accepts and is familiar with that criticisms had been no longer best made against Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh but have been additionally made in opposition to a few of the Muhaditheen. The easy essential is, that when accusations are made towards any of the first-rate pupils of Islam, who’ve the honor from most of the people of the Umma those accusations are rejected. We shall provide you with a few examples:
Accusation made in opposition to Imam Bukhari.
Hafidhh Ibn Hajar Asqalani stated:
Imam Bukhari turned into accused of pronouncing that the Qur’an turned into Makhluq (Created) but in fact he turned into announcing the phrases that we are reciting are Makhluq (Created). In one assembly a query turned into posed to Imam Bukhari, as to whether the Qur’an is Makhluq or no longer? He answered, that some thing we do is our doing, and our doing is Makhluq. When the Ulema heard about this each person ceased to speak to him, besides for Imam Muslim and Ahmad Salma. However, Imam Muslim stopped taking any narrations from Imam Bukhari. Imam Muhammad Ibn Yahya (who turned into the teacher of both Imam Muslim, and Imam Bukhari) turned into additionally towards Imam Bukhari on this issue. He then wrote many letters to various scholars informing them approximately Imam Bukhri’s perception of the Qur’an. The end result of this turned into that anyplace Imam Bukhari traveled the humans might always harass him. Imam Bukhari prayed to Allah that He might take his soul into the subsequent existence. As a result from the fear of the students Imam Bukhari never clarified whether the Qur’an was Makhluq or now not to the Scholars of the Kharasaan.
[Tahzeeb Al Tahzeeb by Hafidhh Asqalani]
From this incident, you could see what Imam Bukhari implied something else, however what humans understood it to be became some thing else. It went thus far that Imam Bukhari made Du’a for himself, “O Allah Take me far from this global” and Allah time-honored his Du’a and he handed away; Both Hafidhh Asqalani and Hafidhh Ibn Kathir have stated of their books. The identical happened to Imam Abu Hanifah: as he used to say one aspect and the Khawarij and Mutazilah interpreted it as a very specific component.
Hafidhh Asqalani writes:
Imam Bukhari additionally had every other trainer whose name turned into Ibn al Madini. Imam Bukhari used to wait his classes (Kitaab Al Ilaal) from which Ibn Al Madini used to teach from a e book. This ebook turned into very valuable to him and he might no longer allow all of us to return close to it. One day, Ibn Al Madini went to go to a number of his property and Imam Bukhari noticed this as an possibility to obtain the ebook. He went to Ibn Al Madini’s son and persuaded him with some money to element with the ebook for a quick at the same time as. Once Imam Bukhari received the e book he took it to be copied hastily. By the time Ibn Al Madini had lower back, Imam Bukhari had returned the e-book. When classes resumed and Ibn Al Madini commenced to study from the e-book, he asked a question to his college students. Before he completed the query Imam Bukhari had already produced the best answer (which turned into from his e book). Ibn Al Madini then found out that Imam Bukhari had seen the contents of his e-book. The shock of this behavior from Imam Bukhari despatched Ibn Al Madini into a state of infection, from which he later died.
Hafidhh Ibn Al Asqalani after scripting this account said that he did now not consider it after which he gave the cause. He stated that this become in opposition to the repute of Imam Bukhari.
[Tahzeeb Al Tahzeeb, under “Life History of Imam Bukhari,” by Hafidhh Ibn Asqalni]
Imam Muslim writes that:
Hadrat Abbas and Hadrat Ali (Radiall hu anhu) had a dispute between every other, so thay went to the Khaleefah of the time, i.E. Hadrat Umar (Radiall hu anhu) to settle their dispute. Hadrat Abbas (Radiall hu anhu) stated, concerning Hadrat Ali (Radiall hu anhu) “O Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen, choose between me and this liar, sinner, disloyal man or woman, betrayer” Hadrat Umar(Radiall hu anhu) then made his judgement of their affair.
[Sahih Muslim baab-ul-fayy]
Hafidh Ibn Taymiyyah writes:
Hadrat Ibn Mas’ud, and Hadrat Uthmaan (Radiall hu anhu) used to verbally abuse each different. Hadrat Ammar bin Yaasir stated to Hadrat Uthmaan that Uthmaan, had come to be a kaafir. Hadrat Ali (Radiall hu anhu) as soon as asked Ammar, “Do you not deny the God who Uthmaan worshipped?” Once, Husaid bin Huzair stated to Sa’d bin Ubaidah, “You have end up a munaafiq and also you aid the munaafiqeen!” In this way other Sahaba used to try this to each different however we recognise that once one pious individual accuses another pious person it has no effect on his popularity.
[Minhaaj-as-Sunnah, chapter, ikhtilaaf-us-sahaba, by Hafidh Ibn Taymiyyah]
Sayyed Mawdoodi writes:
The students of Hadith criticized every different at some point of history, but they had been human and so have made mistakes. The motive for this become because now and again a pupil won’t like another scholar for a private motive. This is why we see in history that scholars have criticized every different in extraordinary methods. An example is of Ibn Abdul Barr, who wrote in his ebook Jaami’al-bayaan, Imam Hummad had once stated that the scholars of Hijaaz don’t have any knowledge. He also stated that our kids understand more than them. He additionally stated that Imams Ataa ibn Rubaah, Tawoos, and Mujaahid had no expertise. Imam Zuhri stated, at the same time as commenting on the students of Makkah, he had never seen every person spoil the partitions(i.E the guidelines) of Islam extra than the students of Makkah. Even even though outstanding Sahaba and Taabe’een had been resident in Makkah.
We understand that Shaabee and Ibraheem Nakhee had been super scholars however they used to assault each different. Shaabee stated “Look at at Ibraheem Nakh’ ee! He asks me masaa’il by means of night time and preaches to the people in the morning as though it’s far his personal research!” Ibraheem Nakhee stated: “Look at Shaabee! He is a liar, and narrates Hadith from Masrook, however he has never met him!” Imam Dahaaq as soon as boasted that he recognise extra than the partners. Imam Sayyid bin Jubair once stated that Shaabee was a liar. He also stated about Imam Ikramah that he’s the student of Abdullah bin Abbas and he attributes false Ahadith to ibn Abbaas.
Imam Malik stated about Muhammad bin Is-haaq that he is was one of the dajjaal. Imam Malik additionally said approximately the scholars of Iraq that they have got end up just like the humans of the book, so don’t say that they are talking the truth or that they’re mendacity. Imam Abdullah bin Mubarak once said, “I don’t recall Imam Malik to be a scholar” Imam Abu Hanefah stated approximately Imam ‘Amash that he has never saved the short of Ramadhan nor taken the tub of fundamental impurity. Imam Yahya bin Mu’een has criticised the high-rating pupils of Hadith. He has even said that Imam Shafi’ is susceptible in Hadith. This is the situation of the scholars of Hadith but the strangest aspect is that human weaknesses even overcame the Sahabah. For this purpose the Sahabah used to critisize each other. An example is Abdullah bin Umar, who while changed into told that the Witr Salaah changed into not obligatory with the aid of Abu Hurairah, stated that Abu Hurairah was a liar.
Hadrat A’isha (Radiall hu anha) once said the Anas bin Malik and Abu Sa’eed Khudree do now not recognise whatever
About Hadith as they had been youngsters on the time of the Prophet [May Allah bless him and grant Him peace]. Once Hasan bin Ali (Radiall hu anhu) interpreted a verse of the Qur’an and someone stated that ibn Umar and Abdullah bin Zubair have given any other interpretation. Hasan then said that they’re each liars. Hadrat Ali (Radiall hu anhu) once stated that Mugheerah bin Shubah is a liar. Ubaidah bin Thabit stated that Mas’ood bin Aws Ansaari is a liar, despite the fact that he fought within the war of Badr.
If one desires to investigate this matter further you will read the history of jarh-ut-ta’deel. These books have critisised different students. The reason for this is that they have been human and had human weaknesses and so now and again they could call a vulnerable scholar a good pupil, and vice versa. It is important to refer to these books carefully before making any presumptions about a specific scholar.
[Tafheemaat, chapter, maslak-e-it’daal, by Sayyed mawdoodi]
It is proved, from the above, that if a scholar claims something about some other pupil then we can not say that his claim is constantly accurate. The handiest thing that we can conclude is that the declare is handiest the pupil’s private view. If we are saying that the declare is usually accurate then we’d have to be given each pupil’s phrase, that’s impossible. An instance is that of Hadrat Abbas (Radiall hu anhu) claiming that the Ali (Radiall hu anhu) changed into a liar, sinner, and betrayer. We cannot receive that Hadrat Ali (Radiall hu anhu) become absolutely that which Abbas (Radiall hu anhu) stated. This is because we recognise about the greatness of Hadrat Ali (Radiall hu anhu) who become neither a liar nor betrayer. He became one of the ten who became given happy tidings of Jannah (Paradise) of their lifetime and the fourth Khaleefah of Islam. We know also that Imam Malik changed into a outstanding student so no-you can still be given Abdullah bin Mubaarik’s declare that Imam Maaik became not a pupil. We also do now not accept Imam Yahya bin Mu’een’s declare that Imam Shaafe’ee become weak in Hadith. In the equal way, no-possible be given the claims made against Imam Abu Hanefah by following what some scholars say approximately him. In brief, we need to see what most of the people of scholars have said approximately a specific pupil and then take delivery of or reject their evaluations.
Now allow us to inspect the second one individual who’s often used to justify assaults against Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh
2) Khatib al Baghdadi:
His accurate call was Abu bakr Ahmed Bin Ali Al Khatib Al Baghdadi and he passed away 463 Hijra. Khatib Baghdadi turned into a exceptional scholar of Hadith wrote many books on Usul-al-Hadith (concepts of Hadith) however his maximum popular book is Tareekh Baghdad, (written in 14 volumes). The replica that I am using became issued in Al Maktaba Salfia Al Madina Al Manawara. If we study volume thirteen beneath the life records of Nauman Bin Sabit (call of Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh) there are chapters on Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh.
In the primary chapter he writes how the other students have praised Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh and within the 2nd bankruptcy he talks approximately what the enemies of Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh said approximately him. Khatib Baghdadi said that I personally recognized the greatness of Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh and his information. It is my proper that where I actually have stated his excellence I also can carry forward the evaluations of the people who had been against him. The enemies of Imam Abu Hanifahh do no longer mention those narrations, which might be in reward of Imam Abu Hanifahh. They most effective point out Khateeb’s narration, which are towards him- and suggest that al Khateeb too changed into against the Imam.
Before we go further, at this factor it could be concluded that something has been stated in opposition to Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh can not be regularly occurring because the truth:
Our Shaykh Shah Abu Al Hassan Zaid Farooqi Naqsh Bandi said: “In 1931 I become in Egypt. In that period an editorial became posted inside the popular newspaper Al Ahraam that Khateeb’s Tareek has been published and can be to be had soon. In his Tareekh there’s one bankruptcy in opposition to Imam Abu Hanifah. Al Azhar decided that it changed into upon themselves to reply to this chapter written through Khatib Baghdadi. This response became then revealed inside the footnote of the e book Tareekh Baghdad. Upon studying the above book and its footnote it’s far definitely understood that the stated chapter is totally untrue.
Furthermore it’s far stated that whosoever pronounced Khateeb’s accusations in opposition to Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayy. We see that in the same e-book he also says that those narrators are not sincere. Moreover Muhadis Al Asar Alama Zahidul Al Kausri (Rahmatullah Alai) wrote a e book called Taneeb Al Khatib wherein he clarifies that honestly these accusations are false and notes that all the evidences used were from the same ebook Tareekh Baghdad.
Now let us see what Khateeb says about Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh in Tareekh Baghdad underneath the biography of Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh. (some of examples are taken)
1. Khateeb says Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh changed into from the Murj’iee
2. He says that Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh confirmed that Riba (interest) is halal (Permissible)
three. In Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh Halqas (meetings) there was no salutation
(Salaah/benefits) bestowed on the Prophet [May Allah bless Him and grant Him peace].
3. Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayhs and his college students had been like Christians. (As’tagfirullah) (Changing Qur’an and Sunnah like the Christians).
4. Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayhs fans stated that his know-how changed into extra than that of the Prophets [May Allah bless Him and grant Him peace]. (‘Astagfirullah’)
5. Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh used to say that had the Prophet [May Allah bless Him and grant Him peace] been present at his time he might have taken his opinion (this is He could have learnt many stuff) from me. (‘Astagfirullah’)
6. When a Hadith could be supplied he could reject and say scrap this with the pig’s tale.
[Tareekh Baghdad by Khateeb Al-Baghdadi under Nu’maan Bin Thabit]
We do now not want to move any in addition as you’ll have already realised that this isn’t suited through any Muslim. From the above accusations allow us to make clear one component that the other accusations are very similar.
Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh said that if Usman Bathi Al Basri was found in my time he would have taken many of my opinions but the above narrator Khateeb al-baghdadi eliminated Usmans name and replaced it by using the Prophet [May Allah bless Him and grant Him peace].
[Footnote, Tareekh Baghdad chapter Abu Hanifahh]
Khateeb took this data from Yusaf Bin Sabat, Abi Nassar, Azdi, and Al Wass Wassy, In the identical e-book, Khateeb also wrote approximately these narrators, that:
One of them was who used to make fabricated Hadiths. One of them was weak within the Hadith, the alternative was a person who did not even consider in Hadiths. One of them was Qadari (Sect), one in every of them used to make up fabricated stories.
To show that Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh changed into a Kaffir. From the writings of Khateeb, we are caused accept as true with that Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh turned into an atheist, Jew, innovator, and so forth., and many others., we seek safe haven in Allah, from this!!!
Now we will evaluate the accusations that were made towards Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh who stated that he was a Murji’i. Who were the Murji’ee? And who called Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh one?
Allama Shahar Sattaani, wrote in his famous e book Al Milal, that:
In the early days the Shi’ahs started out to propogate memories against Abu Bakr and Umar Radi Allaho unhooma. During a period in which there were variations among the Companions, the Shi’ahs additionally made unusual tales regarding their differences. It was also the time whilst the Khawarij declared the general public of Muslims, as Kafir they believed that whoever devoted a main sin changed into a Kafir. At this time,the sahiah sect became famous. They said that variations that the companions of the Prophet [May Allah bless Him and grant Him peace] had have to move with out anything stated approximately them, we must stay silent, and the matter can be dealt with Allah Sub Hana hu Wataala. They additionally believed that those Muslims who commit a terrific sin (Kabiraa) are not kafirs. Some of the Murji’e believed that Imaan (Faith) is embedded in the coronary heart, in order that, if someone utters blasphemous remarks, or worships statues, or has a perception like a Jew or Christian, or worships anything he likes, he nevertheless is beloved to Allah and an ideal Muslim. They consequently believed that if a Kafir become to carry out a very good act then he/she could get hold of no benefit from it, in addition, if a Muslim was to indulge himself in blasphemous he/she remarks, or commits any essential sin, it might have no effect on his/her Imaan. In this manner, they left all proper moves out and they brazenly indulged themselves in bad moves.
Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh also said that individuals who commit a first-rate sin had been no longer Kafirs. The enemies of Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh picked upon this point to argue that he become a Murji’e. Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh openly carried out precise acts and never stated no longer to do top moves. He also never advocated human beings that worship what you like. The Mutazillah called each one that did now not accept as true with them regarding their perception as Murji’e. The Khawarij, however, argued that the one who claimed that to carry out a main sin isn’t always to be a Kafir. In this manner, the Khawarij and Mutazillah gave Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh the identify of Murji’ee. These sects now not simplest known as Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh a Murji’e, but many other exceptional students of Islam, along with: Hassan Bin Muhammad, Sa’eed Ibn Jubair, Talaq Bin Habib, Umar Bin Murar, Mahaarib Bin Wassaar, Maqaatil Bin Sulimaan, Hamaad Bin Abi Sulaimaan, called a number of the students as Murji’e.
[Al Milal, By Allama Shahar Sitaani, Madhab Al Islammiya and Hiyaat Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh, By Allama Abu Zuhraar Misri]
If Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh became a Murji’ee, it would have grow to be obvious in all the Hanafi books that it is permissible to worship the move, idols or you can be a Christian, Jew and so forth. Why is it then that within the Hanafi books it’s miles without a doubt stated that to worship idols, the cross etc., is Kufr? (See the books of Hanafi Fiqh)
Why is it also, that there may be a unique e book, which explains what punishments are anticipated for individuals who perform terrible acts? If you are taking any book regarding Hanafi Fiqh, you may see two chapters committed to explaining what matters can make you a Kafir. The different chapters will deal with the punishments’ that the ones human beings will obtain who indulge themselves. In acts of adultery, stealing and different evil acts. This is a clear proof that people who declare that Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh is a Murji’ee, is repeating the ones accusations made through the Khawarij and the Mutazalah are wrong.
There is some other accusation made by way of humans that Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh knew most effective seventeen Hadith. Let’s look at what little fact this bears but earlier than we go similarly we could see the assets from which Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh extracted his facts.
Hafidhh Iban Al Qayyim states:
Allah Soob ha Na hu Wat’aala sent the Prophet [May Allah bless Him and grant Him peace] to train Islam. During that early period those that learnt became called partners which were over loads of hundreds, out of which a hundred and thirty (130) gave greater Fatwas than the rest. There had been seven among the partners that gave the highest range of Fatwas. Those seven have been Umar Bin Khatab, Ali Bin Abu Talib, Abdullah Bin Masaud, Umul Momineen Aisha, Zaid Bin Sabet, Abdullah Bin Abbass, Abdullah Bin Umar Radi allahounhoom. Umar sent Abdullah Bin Masaud to reside at Koofa. This became because Abdullah Bin Masaud had wonderful understanding. Prophet [May Allah bless Him and grant Him peace] said in a declaration that he became incredible student.
Once groups of people came from Syria and Koofa to visit Umar. Umar gave presents to each companies and the institution from Koofa requested Umar “why is it that we have acquired less than the Syrians.” Umar replied: ‘Did I not provide you with Abdullah Bin Masaud that is the greatest of all presents’. Abdullah Bin Masaud regularly said that I understand approximately every Surah inside the
Qur’an and similarly who and what it changed into found out for, if I realize someone that knows extra than me I need to go to him and study from him. Ibn Umar used to say Ibne Masaud is full of expertise. Imam Ibn Jareer says that there is no different associate whose students wrote all his Fatwas and his Fiqh, except Abdullah ibn Masuood. After a quick even as hundreds of different companions additionally went to Koofa to are living there. Later whilst Ali became Khaleefah he additionally moved to Koofa that is how Koofa have become the capital of the Islamic State. This then encouraged further partners to move to Koofa. Koofa became one of the middle points of knowledge of the Companiuns. At that point the most popular faculty turned into of Ali and Abdullah Bin Masaud.
Later on a few humans commenced to attribute fabricated narrations related to Ali. Which is why the best desirable narrations of Ali are those that are thru his technology and via students of Abdullah Bin Masuad. Ali and Abdullah Bin Masaud had many popular college students like Umar Bin Sharjeel, Masrooq, Al Qamma, and others. And then Abraham and Hammad Bin Suleiman have become their students and Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah alayh became their pupil.
[Aalam Al Muwaqqaiy-een Chapter Qiyyas by Hafidhh Ibn Al Qayyim]
Imam Ibn Sa’advert says:
One huge institution of Companions started to live in Kufa, There had been more than 5 hundred companions dwelling in Kufa. That is why Umar Radi allaho unho stated that Kufa is the center of the treasure. (Faith) Kufa was the center at that point of knowledge.
[Tabaqat Ibn Sa’ad volume 6 chapter Kufa]
In the very identical Kufa Imam Abu Hanifah Rahmatullah become born. In the identical region, he obtained his expertise, he saw and learnt from the Companions and learnt from the Tabe’een. To learn more expertise he frequently travelled to Makkah, Madina, Syria, Yemen and Basra. How can it be stated that he best knew seventeen Ahadith? It is like pronouncing to a Hafidhh of the Qur’an that he knows Surah Fatiha handiest!
Hafidhh Ibn Taymiyyah writes that:
Amongst the Scholars there had been individuals who are Scholars of Ahadith, and some that have been Scholars of Fiqh. The Scholars who’re knowledgeable of both Ahadith/Fiqh are Imam Sahfi’, Imam Ahmed, Imam Ishaq, Imam Abu-Yusuf, Imam Abu Hanifah.They also had a totally excessive reputation which was suitible for they all Rahmatullahe ajmaeen.
[Kitab Al Istegatha page 13 by Hafidhh Ibn Taymiyya]
When Hafidhh Ibn Taymiyya writes and accepts that Imam Abu Hanifah turned into a pupil in Ahadith, and fiqh, then how can his followers discredit Imam Abu Hanifah, and say that he only knew seventeen Ahadith?
Ibn Khaldun has touched upon the accusation that Imam Abu Hanifah knew best seventeen hadith. He has written about it in his e book At-Muqadmah. He writes that this accusation is completely fake as, Imam Abu Hanifah’s pupil Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad narrated a awesome wide variety of Hadith from Imam Abu Hanifah. Which they have got written in their books, and that they have written books in which they have gathered all the Ahadith that they narrate from Imam Abu Hanifah; (the call of the books are Kitabul Al Athar via Imam Abu Yusuf, and Kitabul Al Athar by using Imam Muhammad.) More-over all the narrations of Hadith are accrued in one e book, which is referred to as Jamie Al-Masaneed via Imam Abu Hanifah the famous scholar of Hadith/Fiqh. Imam Abu Hanifah is one of the first humans who’ve dictated books on Hadith/Fiqh. The Hadiths which Imam Abu Hanifah has narrated, he heard them without delay from the Companions or the Tabeen (Student of the Companions) He was the primary Imam in Hadith/Fiqh, Imam Bukhari, Imam Muslim, Imam Nasai, Imam Tirmizi, Ibn Majah, and so forth, etc, they all got here a totally long term after him, So this is why his fame must be the very best of they all. From the famous pupils of Hadith/Fiqh he is the handiest one who’s a Ta’bee (Who have visible the Companions) This Privilege was provided to Imam Abu Hanifah and not to Imam Malik Imam Sahfi’, Imam Ahmed, Imam Bukhari, Imam Muslim, Imam Abu Dawood, Imam Tirmizi, etc, and many others, He changed into particular in this privilege
Lastly I make Du’a that may Allah Soobha Nahu Wata’ala grant all the pupils the excellent viable region in Paradise. They worked tough for Islam and spent their lives gathering records and passing it on to us, particularly Imam Abu Hanifah, may additionally Allah Soobha Nahu Wata’ala fill his grave with (Noor) light.
May Allah Soobha Nahu Wata’ala take delivery of what I actually have written and if I even have made any mistakes may additionally He forgive me. Amin.