ahmed raza khan alahazrat part 1 Cahmed raza khan alahazrat part 1HILDHOOD Imam Ahmed Raza’s Blessed Birth; His Blessed Name; Illustrious Family History; Im 10 A’LA HAZRAT’S BLESSED BIRTH Imam Ahmed Raza Khan t was born on a Monday, the 10th of Shawaal 1272 A.H. (14th June 1856), at the time of Zohar Salaah in a place called Jasoli, in the city of Bareilly Shareef, situated in the Northern Province (Uttar Pardesh) of India.
A few days before the birth of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan t, his father, Allama Maulana Naqi Ali Khan t, had a wonderful dream.
He immediately disclosed this dream to his father, Allama Maulana Raza Ali Khan t, who interpreted the dream in the following words: “This is a sign that you are to be the father of a child, a boy, who will grow up to be pious and knowledgeable. His name will gain prominence from East to West.
” This was the glad tiding that was given to Allama Maulana Naqi Ali Khan t on the birth of none other than the “Emerald from amongst the Treasures of Almighty Allah”, the “sweet-scented rose from the fragrant garden of the Holy Prophet r”, A’la Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan t.
AlaHazrat t extracted from the Holy Qur’an, the verse which when added up in Numerical value denoted the date of his birth: أُولَئِك كَتب فِي قُلُوبِهِم الْإِيمانَ وأَيدهم بِروحٍ منه “These are they in whose hearts Allah has inscribed faith and assisted them with a spirit from Him” (Surah Al Mujadilah Verse 22) HIS BLESSED NAME At birth, he was given the beautiful name “Muhamamad”.
The name corresponding to the year of his birth was “Al Mukhtaar.” His grandfather, a great Scholar of the Ahle Sunnah Wa Jama’ah, Allama Maulana Raza Ali Khan t, also gave the young child the beautiful 11 name “Ahmed Raza”. It was by this name that he was famously known.
Much later in his life, A’la Hazrat t added the words “Abdul Mustafa” to his name, signifying his great love and respect for Sayyiduna Rasoolullah r. The Grand Mufti of Makkatul Mukarramah, Sheikh Hussain bin Saleh Makki t, also blessed him the title “Zia’udeen Ahmed”.
ILLUSTRIOUS FAMILY HISTORY Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al-Qaadri, was the son of Allama Maulana Naqi Ali Khan, the son of Allama Maulana Raza Ali Khan, the son of Allama Maulana Mohammed Kaazim Ali Khan, the son of Allama Maulana Shah Mohammed Azam Khan, the son of Allama Maulana Sa’adat Yaar Khan, the son of Allama Maulana Sa’eedullah Khan (Allah is pleased with them all).
The distinguished forefathers of A’la Hazrat t migrated from Qandahar (Kabul) during the Mogul Dynasty and settled in Lahore. Allama Maulana Sa’eedullah Khan, the foremost forefather of A’la Hazrat t held a lofty government post when he arrived in the Indo-Pak sub-continent. His son Allama Maulana Sa’adat Yaar Khan t, after gaining victory in the city of Rohailah was elected as the Governor of that city.
Allama Maulana Hafiz Kaazim Ali Khan, the son of Maulana Mohammed Azam Khan (radi Allahu anhum), was a Senior Revenue Officer in the city of Badayoun. His son, Allama Maulana Raza Ali Khan t, the illustrious grandfather of A’la Hazrat t did not serve in the Government. It was from this generation that the heads of the family began to adopt Tasawuf as their way of life. A very concise account of A’la Hazrat’s t father and grandfather has been included below: 12 HIS FATHER:
AlaHazrat’s t father, Hazrat Maulana Naqi Ali Khan t received his early education at the hands of his father, Allama Maulana Raza Ali Khan t. He wrote more than 50 books, among them, “Suroorul Quloob fi Zikri Mouloodil Mahboob”, which received a very distinctive prominence in Islamic literature. The treatise is characteristic in its condemnation of the enemies of Islam, both internally and externally. A’la Hazrat’s t father passed away in 1297 A.H. (1880) when A’la Hazrat t was 24 years old.
HIS GRANDFATHER: One of the greatest Sufis of his era, Allama Maulana Raza Ali Khan t was born in the year 1224 A.H. He was also a great fighter and fought beside General Bakht Khan in opposition to the English invaders in the year 1834. He received his early education at the hands of Molvi Khaleer-ur-Rahman.
At the age of 23, he had already completed his Islamic education, earning certificates of distinction in numerous fields of knowledge. He passed away in the month of Jamaadil Awwal in the year 1282 A.H. A’la Hazrat t was only 10 years of age at this time. A’LA HAZRAT’S PIETY AS A CHILD A’la Hazrat t was a child of 4 years when this incident took place. On that particular day, he was dressed in a long Kurta.
As he stepped out of his house, a few females of ill character walked past him. In order to cover his eyes, the young A’la Hazrat t quickly held the bottom of his Kurta with both his hands and lifted the Kurta over his face. When one of them saw what he did, she said, “Well! Young man. You covered your eyes, but allowed your Satr to be disclosed”. With his face and eyes still covered, the young A’la Hazrat t replied, “When the eyes are tempted, then the heart becomes tempted. When the heart is tempted, then the concealed parts become tempted.” So shocked and affected was this wommushkil ki asani ka wazifa easy amal in hindian on hearing such a reply from a child that she lost consciousness.
13 Another incident which happened in the Month of Ramadaan also points to A’la Hazrat’s t piety and fear of Allah, even as a child. Fasting was not Fard (obligatory) upon him because he was still a child, but on that particular day he intended to keep fast. It should be known that it is very difficult for a little child to keep fast in India during the summer months. The average temperature on a summer’s day rises to approximately 50 degrees Celsius. On that day, the suns heat was intense.
Hazrat Allama Naqi Ali Khan t took his young son, A’la Hazrat t, into a room where sweets some were kept. He closed the door shut and said, “There, You may eat the sweets” A’la Hazrat t replied that he was fasting. His father then said, “The fasting of children is always like this. The door is closed and no one is looking.
Now you may eat.” On hearing this, the young A’la Hazrat t respectfully said, “Through Whose command I am fasting, He is Seeing me (i.e. Allah is All Seeing)”. On hearing these words from a little child, tears began to flow from the eyes of Hazrat Allama Naqi Ali Khan t. In a state of spiritual delight, he then left the room with A’la Hazratt. A’LA HAZRAT’S FIRST LECTURE A’la Hazrat Imam Ahl-e-Sunnat t delivered his first lecture at the age of 6 years. It was during the glorious month of Rabi-ul-Awwal.islamic quote of the day 8th ramzanul mubarak
A’la Hazrat t stood whislt standing on the Mimbar (Pulpit) delivered this lecture before a very large gathering which also consisted of learned Ulama. His lecture lasted for approximately 2 hours. A’la Hazrat t spoke on the Wilaadat (Birth) of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah r. He brightened the hearts of the listeners with the love of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah r. The audience were profoundly impressed and inspired by the maturity and eloquence of this lecture which was being delivered by a 6 year old child! 14 HIS INTELLIGENCE AS A CHILD A’la Hazrat t was so gifted and intelligent that there was no need for him to study beyond the fourth Kitaab of his course under the tutorship of any of his teachers. He studied the remaining Kitaabs by himself and would later ask his teachers to assess him. Once, his teacher asked him, “Mia! Are you a Jinn or a human being? It takes me much time to teach a lesson, but it does not take you much time to learn the same lesson.” A’la Hazrat t answered, “Praise be to Allah! I am human.
” When he was only 8 years old, A’la Hazrat t wrote a Mas’ala on Faraa’id. When his father looked at the answer, he joyfully remarked, “If only some adult could answer in this manner.” At the age of 10, whilst studying the Kitaab, “I’lm-us- Thuboot” under the guidance of his noble father, he noticed a few objections and answers of his father written as a footnote.
A’la Hazrat t studied this book carefully and wrote such a well- explained footnote that even the need for an objection was ruled out.islamic quote of the day 17 ramzanul mubarak
His father came across his research on the particular objection. He was so delighted that he stood up and held the young A’la Hazrat t to his heart and said, “Ahmad Raza! You do not learn from me, but you teach me”.Hazrat Khwaja Peer Fazal Ali Quraishi -awliya e pakistan
Professor Dr Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Head of Department: Urdu, Sindh University, Sindh (Pakistan) said: “Allama Hazrat Ahmed Raza Khan is among the outstanding scholars. His deep learning, intelligence, vision and acumen, surpassed that of great contemporary thinkers, professors, renowned scholars and orientalist. Indeed, there is hardly any branch of learning that is foreign to him.”
ASTONISHING EVENTS OF CHILDHOOD At the age of 3, A’la Hazrat t was once standing outside the Raza Musjid in Bareilly Shareef. An “unknown” person, attired in an 15 Arabian garb approached him and spoke to him in the Arabic language. Those who were present witnessed to their amazement, as the young A’la Hazrat t conversed with the person in pure and eloquent Arabic. This person who conversed with the young A’la Hazrat t was never seen in Bareilly Shareef again. A Majzoob (one deeply absorbed in his love for Almighty Allah) by the name of Hazrat Basheerud’deen Saahib t used to live at the Akhun Zada Musjid in Bareilly Shareef.
He spoke very firmly to anyone who visited him. A’la Hazrat t wished to meet this Majzoob. One night, at about 11 o’clock, he set off alone to meet him. He sat respectfully for about 15 minutes outside the Majzoob’s home. After some time, the Majzoob noticed him and asked, “Who are you to Maulana Raza Ali Khan t.” A’la Hazrat t replied that he was the grandson of Hazrat Raza Ali Khan t.what is hadith importance of hadith
The Majzoob immediately embraced him and took him into his little room. He asked A’la Hazrat t if he had come for any specific matter, but A’la Hazrat t mentioned that he had come merely to request his Duas.
On hearing this, for approximately half an hour, the Majzoob made the following Dua: “May Allah have mercy on you, May Allah bless you.” 16 CHAPTER 2 PRIMARY & TERTIARY EDUCATION Commencement of Islamic Education; Imam Ahmed Raza’s First Fatwa; His Marriage and Blessed Children; Incidents Pointing to His Immense Knowledge; Branches of Knowledge attained from various Ulama; Branches of Knowledge attained without the assistance of Teachers 17 COMMENCEMENT OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION During A’la Hazrat’s t “Bismillah Kwaani” or “Commencement of Islamic Education” a very strange incident occurred.ummul mumineen Hazrat khadija 10 Ramzanul mubarak
His respected teacher asked him to recite the Tasmiyah الرحيم الرحمن االله بسم and then instructed him to read “Alif, Baa, Taa, . . . .” A’la Hazrat t began reading the “Alif, Baa, Taa, …” until he reached the word “Laam Alif”, at which point A’la Hazrat t became silent. When his teacher asked him once more to read “Laam Alif”, he remained silent. The teacher instructed him by saying, “Say, ‘Laam Alif’”. A’la Hazrat Imam Ahl-e-Sunnat t then replied, “I have already read them earlier on. What need is there for me to repeat it?” Hazrat Allama Raza Ali Khan t who was witnessing this incident said, “Son! Listen to what your Ustaad is saying.” Upon further reflection, Hazrat Allama Raza Ali Khan t realised the reason for the objection of the young A’la Hazrat t. It was because the teacher was teaching A’la Hazrat t the lesson on single alphabets. A’la Hazrat t felt that how was it possible that a complete word like “Laam Alif” should be found in such a lesson that only dealt with single alphabets! Hazrat Allama Maulana Raza Ali Khan t knew that it was a very delicate matter that could not be understood by a child.
Nevertheless, he explained, “Son! It is true that which you are thinking of. But the ‘Alif’ which you had earlier read, in reality, is ‘Hamza’ and this which you are reciting now is ‘Alif’.
‘Alif’ is always ‘Saakin’ and one cannot commence with an alphabet which is ‘Ssakin’’. Therefore, it is for this reason that the alphabet ‘Laam’ is brought before the ‘Alif’”. When A’la Hazrat t heard this explanationr, he replied, “If that be the case, then any other alphabet could be joined to the ‘Alif’. Why specifically the ‘Laam’”? Maulana Raza Ali Khan t, out of sheer happiness and excitement embraced A’la Hazrat t and showered him with Duas.
He then explained the answer to A’la Hazrat t in the following brilliant manner: “In looking at them, they both appear to 18 resemble each other very closely, since they are both empty. Even when written together, they look very much alike.
When it comes to their qualities, then ‘Laam’ is the heart of ‘Alif’ and ‘Alif’ is the heart of ‘Laam’.” In this brilliant and well explained answer, Hazrat Allama Maulana Raza Ali Khan t was in reality opening the doors and the treasures of knowledge and spiritual insight to A’la Hazrat t.imam hussain karbala Husayn ibn Ali
A’la Hazrat t was only 4 years old when he completed the recitation of the Holy Qura’n. Due to the extraordinary intelligence bestowed upon him by Almighty Allah, A’la Hazrat t completed his Islamic education at the very young age of 13 years, 10 months and 5 days. A’la Hazrat t states that, “I completed my religious education during the middle of the month of Shabaan in the year 1286 A.H. I was 13 years, 10 months and 5 days old at that time. It was also at this time that Salaah became Fard upon me and I began to have great interest in the Laws of Shariah”.
(Al Ijaazatur Radawiyya) A’la Hazrat t gained his basic knowledge at home. He later continued his studies under the guidance of certain noted teachers. He studied under the watchful eye of his noble father, Hazrat Allama Maulana Naqi Ali Khan t. He completed his primary education under the tutorship of Janab Mirza Ghulam Qaadir Baig, under whom he studied the book, “Mizaane Munsha’ab.” A’la Hazrat t also studied under the guidance of the following luminous personalities: 1. Hazrat Maulana Abdul Ula Rampuri t 2. Sheikh-e-Kabeer, Hazrat Allama Syed Shah Abul Hussain Ahmed-eNoori t 3. Sheikh-e-Tariqah Imam-ul-Asfiya Hazrat Allama Syed Shah Aale Rasool Marahrawi t 19 4. Sheikh Ahmed bin Zaini Dahlaan Makki t 5. Sheikh Abdur Rahman Makki t 6. Sheikh Hussain bin Saaleh Makki t A’LA HAZRAT’S FIRST FATWA (RELIGIOUS DECREE) In a letter sent to his illustrious Khalifa, Malikul Ulama, Hazrat Maulana Zafaruddeen Bihaari t, A’la Hazrat t wrote, “Through the Grace of Almighty Allah, this servant wrote his first Fatwah at the age of 13. It is also at this age that I completed my religious education and gained the certificate of proficiency in this field.
On this day, a question was put forward to me as to whether milk, if reaching the belly of a child, would prove fosterage or not? I replied that even if milk reached the child’s belly, either through the nose or mouth, fosterage would be proven, therefore, making it Haraam upon the child to marry this women”. (Al Malfooz, Vol.1, pg. 12) His father was so amazed and delighted by his in-depth reply that he assigned the young A’la Hazrat t the task of issuing Fatawahs (Islamic Decrees).
For many years thereafter, A’la Hazratt carried out this very important obligation with complete dignity and responsibility. A’la Hazrat t began answering hundreds of Fatawa daily. He received them in all languages – Arabic, Urdu, Persian, English and many other languages. Professor Dr J.M.S. Baljon, Department of Islamology, University of Leiden (Holland), commenting on A’la Hazrat’s t answers to religious enquiries, said: “Indeed, a great scholar I must confess. When reading his Fatawa, I am deeply impressed by the immensely wide reading he demonstrates in his argumentations. Above it, his views appear much more balanced than I expected.
You are completely right; he deserves to be better known and more appreciated in the West than is the case at present.” 20 HIS MARRIAGE AND BLESSED CHILDREN In the year 1291 A.H. (1874), A’la Hazrat t married Irshaad Begum (radi Allahu anha) who was the beloved daughter of Sheikh Fadl Hussain Sahib. He was 18 years old at the time of his Nikah. Almighty Allah blessed A’la Hazrat t with 7 beautiful children – 2 sons and 5 daughters. Both his sons became eminent Islamic Scholars and great Awliyah Allah. A’la Hazrat’s t eldest son, Hujjat-ul-Islam,
Hazrat Allama Maulana Muhammad Haamid Raza Khan Noori Barakaati t was very much efficient in Arabic and various other religious sciences. His features resembled his illustrious father. Hujjatul-Islam t departed from this mundane world on the 17th of Jamadil Awwal 1362 A.H., whilst in the state of Salaah. His Mazaar Shareef (Blessed Tomb) is in Bareilly Shareef, India. Ghousul Waqt Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind, Ash Shah Imam Mustafa Raza Khan Noori Barakaati t, the younger son of A’la Hazrat t studied primarily under the guidance of his elder brother. He also received education at the blessed feet of his noble father and earned himself a certificate of proficiency in religious sciences. Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind t has millions of Mureeds (Disciples) around the world. He is also regarded as a Mujaddid (Reviver) of Islam of the 15th Century. He departed from this mundane world on the eve of the 14th of Muharram 1402 A.H. (1981). His Mazaar Shareef is also in Bareilly Shareef.
INCIDENTS POINTING TO HIS IMMENSE KNOWLEDGE Speaking about A’la Hazrat’s t immense knowledge, Dr Sayyid Muhammad Abdullah, Chairman Department of Encyclopaedia of Islam, University of Punjab, Lahore (Pakistan) said: “The scholar is said to be the mind and spokesman of the nation, especially that scholar who derives inspiration, through and vision from the Holy Qura’n, and the Holy Prophet’s r traditions, a narration of divine knowledge, and exponent of divine scheme. He is the voice of the Creator, a benefactor 21 of mankind. It is not an over statement of exaggeration, but acceptance of truth to say that Ahmad Raza is such a scholar.” “He, indeed, is a renowned scholar, great philosopher, eminent Jurist, man of vision, interpreter of the Holy Qura’n and the Holy Prophet’s (peace be upon him) traditions, and a spell binding orator.” A few days after the Nikah of A’la Hazrat t, a person came to Bareilly Shareef. He presented a Fatwa of Maulana Irshaad Hussain Mujaddidi t to Hazrat Allama Maulana Naqi Ali Khan t and requested the answer to the said query. The Fatwa bore the signatures of many Ulama. Hazrat Allama Naqi Ali Khan t, instructed the said person with the following words: “
Go into the room. Moulvi Sahib is there. He will answer your question.” The person entered the room and saw only the young A’la Hazrat t sitting there. He returned to Hazrat Allama Naqi Ali Khan t and said, “There is no Moulvi Sahib there. All I see in the room is a young lad.” Hazrat Allama Naqi Ali Khan t said to him, “Give the Mas’ala to him and he will answer it.”
The man walked over to A’la Hazrat t and handed him the Fatawa. He studied it carefully and noticed that the answer on the Fatwa of Maulana Irshaad Hussain t was incorrect. A’la Hazrat t wrote the correct answer to the Fatwa and respectfully presented it to his father. His father then verified his t answer as being correct. This Fatwa of A’la Hazrat t was taken to the Governor of Rampur. After studying the Fatwa of A’la Hazrat t, the Governor requested the presence of Maulana Irshaad Hussain Sahib t. When the said Maulana appeared before the Governor, the Fatwa was shown to him. Mufti Irshaad Hussain Sahib t humbly acknowledged that his Fatwa was incorrect (there was an error in the answer) and that the Fatwa from Bareilly Shareef was the correct answer. 22 The Governor of Rampur then said, “If the Fatwa of Bareilly is correct, then how is it possible that all the other Ulama verified and endorsed your Fatwa?” Maulana Irshaad Hussain t replied, “They endorsed my Fatawa because I am prominent, but the True Fatwa is the one issued by The Mufti of Bareilly.” When the Governor learnt that Imam Ahmed Raza Khan t was only 20 years old, he immediately had the great yearning to meet him. It happened such that A’la Hazrat t once visited Rampur. The Governor went forth to meet A’la Hazrat t. The Governor was overwhelmed, and as a mark of respect he offered A’la Hazrat t a silver chair to sit on. A’la Hazrat t refused to sit on the silver chair saying that the use of silver furniture is Haraam. Feeling ashamed, the Governor requested A’la Hazrat t to sit on the bed. While conversing with A’la Hazrat t, the Governor commented that since he was so brilliant at such a young age, A’la Hazrat t should study a few books in Mantiq under the supervision of Moulvi Abdul Haq Kheyrabaadi. At that precise moment, Moulvi Abdul Haq Kheyrabaadi arrived. They were introduced to one another.akhlaq of prophet muhammad alaihissalam
After getting acquainted, he questioned A’la Hazrat Imam Ahl-e-Sunnat t concerning the books that he had studied in the field of Mantiq. A’la Hazrat t told the Moulvi that he had studied the Kitaab, “Kaazi Mubaarak”. Moulvi Abdul Haq Kheyrabaadi did not believe A’la Hazrat t because he felt that he was too young to study “Kaazi Mubaarak”. He then, very sarcastically, asked, “Have you studied ‘Tahzeeb’?” A’la Hazrat t also answered in a very ironic manner by saying, “Is ‘Tahzeeb’ taught after ‘Kaazi Mubaarak’ at your institution?” After carefully listening to the answers of A’la Hazrat t, he began questioning him about his qualifications. A’la Hazrat t said that he preferred teaching, engaging in the work of Fatawa and writing books. 23 He further asked A’la Hazrat t concerning his field of expertise. A’la Hazrat t replied by saying that he specialised in any field that was necessary at any given time, and this included debating the wahabis. When Moulvi Abdul Haq heard A’la Hazrat’s response, he remarked, “That fanatical person from Badayoun is also in this
fanaticism.”(He was referring to Maulana Abdul Qaadir radi allahu anhu). On hearing this, A’la Hazrat Imam Ahl-e-Sunnat t was very offended and said, “Your father Maulana Fadl-e-Haq Kheyrabaadi t was the first person to debate the wahabis and he was the one responsible for writing a book against Isma’il Dehlvi. He called this book Al Fatawa Fi Butali Taghwa.”
Maulana Abdul Haq Kheyrabbadi then said, “If in my presence you answer me in this way, then it will be impossible for me to teach you.” A’la Hazrat t replied by saying, “I have already decided not to study under you, since for me to study under you will be an insult to the Ulama-e- Ahle Sunnah”. Maulana Mufti Mazharullah said: “Once, I enquired from A’la Hazrat about the holy sacrifice offered by Muslims. He, in his reply, described innumerable kinds of sheep which was a matter of surprise for me.
I kept his letter with me. It happened such that Maulana Kifaayatullah came to see me and by chance he saw the letter. He was astounded and said, ‘No doubt his learning and knowledge knows no boundaries’.” 24 BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE STUDIED BY AT HIS FATHER’S FEET A’la Hazrat t became proficient in the following branches of knowledge at the feet of his father: 1. TAFSEER OF THE HOLY QURA’N 2. TASHREEH OF HADITH 3. PRINCIPLES OF AHADITH (USOOL-E-HADITH) 4. ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE (ALL FOUR SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT) 5. PRINCIPLES OF JURISPRUDENCE (USOOL-E-FIQH) 6. DIALECTICS 7. QURA’NIC COMMENTARY 8. PRINCIPLES OF BELIEF 9. PRINCIPLES OF DEBATE 10. ARABIC SYNTAX 11. PRINCIPLES OF RHETORIC 12. LANGUAGE USAGE OF METAPHORS 13. SCIENCE DEALING WITH RHETORIC 14. LOGIC 15. DEBATES 16. PHILOSOPHY AND POLITICS 17. RHETORIC DEVICES 18. PHYSICS 19. MATHEMATICS 20. PHYSICAL ENGINEERING On page 22 of the Kitaab “Al Ijaazatul Mutay”yanah” A’la Hazrat t mentions the following in relation with the above mentioned 20 branches of knowledge. He says, “I learnt these twenty branches of knowledge, personally at the feet of my father”. 25 OTHER BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE ATTAINED FROM VARIOUS ULAMA He studied Qura’nic Recitation, Correct Recitation with Tajweed, Mysticism, Mystical Initiation, Islamic Ethics, Discussion on Narrators of Hadith, and Biography of The Holy Prophet r, Islamic History, InDepth Study of Arabic and Literature. A’la Hazrat t states: “These ten branches of knowledge, I attained at the feet of the following teachers: Shah Aale Rasool marahrawi, Maulana Naqi Ali Khan, Sheikh Ahmed bin Zain Dahlaan Makki, Sheikh Abdur Rahman Makki, Sheikh Hussain bin Saaleh Makki, Shah Abul Hussain Ahmed Noori (alaihimur rahmah).” BRANCHES OF KNOWLEDGE ATTAINED WITHOUT THE ASSISTANCE OF ANY TEACHER A’la Hazrat t learnt Arithmetic, Algebra, the twelve branches of Mathematics, Modern Astronomy, Science of Inheritance, Science of Prosody, Astrology, Science of History, Prose in Hindi, Prose is Persian, in-depth study of Arabic and in-depth study of plain Persian writing. When A’la Hazrat t was questioned about his amazing capabilities in solving intricate and confusing Mathematical theories, and as to whom his mentor was, he replied, “I did not have a teacher in this field.